"History is philosophy teaching by example." (Lord Bolingbroke)

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Saturday, March 04, 2006

We are soliciting comments to "A Muslim Manifesto" WHAT DO YOU THINK OF THIS?

Rejecting the Bad: A Muslim Manifesto - International - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News, By Mustafa Akyol and Zeyno Baran

"Who are the moderate Muslims, and why do they not speak up?" After being asked theis question over and over again since 9/11, particularly after the Danish cartoon crisis, Muslim intellectuals Akyol and Baran have proposed this Muslim Manifesto.

Recently, the disrespectful cartoons about Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) published in Jyllands-Posten resulted in an extreme reaction among many Muslims worldwide. While we understand the feelings of our co-religionists, we strongly urge them to refrain from rage and violence.

A zeal for Allah is rightful only when it is expressed in an enlightened manner, since Allah himself has ordained a restrained response. When the early Muslims were mocked by their pagan contemporaries, the Koran ordered not a violent backlash, but rather a civilized disapproval: "When you hear Allah's verses being rejected and mocked at by people, you must not sit with them till they start talking of other things." (Koran 4:140) The Koran also describes Muslims as "those who control their rage and pardon other people, [because] Allah loves the good-doers." (3:134) Therefore all demonstrations against the mockery of Islam should be peaceful. All critiques of Islam should be countered not by threats and violence, but by rational counter-argument.

We also believe that terrorist acts can never be justified or excused. None of the challenges Muslims face, such as oppression or military occupation, can justify attacks against non-combatants. In the Holy Koran, Allah orders Muslims to "never let hatred of anyone lead you into the sin of deviating from justice." (5:8) The true Islamic sense of justice is well-established in the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh); even in time of war - let alone peace - Muslim soldiers should never "kill the old, the infant, the child, or the woman." Those who do so are not martyrs, but cold-blooded murderers.

Supported by the Koran's affirmation that "there is no compulsion in religion" (2:256), we cherish religious liberty. Every human has the right to believe or not to believe in Islam or in any other religion All Muslims furthermore have the right to reject and change their religion if desired. No state, community or individual has a right to impose Islam on others. People should accept and practice Islam not because they are forced to do so, but because they believe in its teachings.

We support and cherish democracy - not because we reject the sovereignty of the Almighty over people, but because we believe that this sovereignty is manifested in the general will of people in a democratic and pluralistic society. We do not accept theocratic rule-not because we do not wish to obey Allah, but because theocratic rule inevitably becomes rule by fallible (and sometimes corrupt and misguided) humans in the name of the infallible God.

We accept the legitimacy of the secular state and the secular law. Islamic law, or sharia, was developed at a time when Muslims were living in homogenous communities. In the modern world, virtually all societies are pluralistic, consisting of different faiths and of different perceptions of each faith, including Islam. In this pluralistic setting, a legal system based on a particular version of a single religion cannot be imposed on all citizens. Thus, a single secular law, open to all religions but based on none, is strongly needed.

We believe that women have the same inalienable rights as men. We strongly denounce laws and attitudes in some Islamic societies that exclude women from society by denying them the rights of education, political participation and the individual pursuit of happiness. Like men, women should have the right to decide how they will live, dress, travel, marry and divorce; if they do not enjoy these rights, they are clearly second-class citizens.

We believe that there is no contradiction between religious and national identities. Any Muslim should be able to embrace the citizenship of any modern secular state while maintaining feelings of spiritual solidarity with the umma, the global Muslim community.

We regard Christianity and Judaism as sister faiths in the common family of Abrahamic monotheism. We strongly denounce anti-Semitism, which has been alien to Islam for many centuries but which unfortunately has gained popularity among some Muslims in recent decades. We accept Israel's right to exist, as well as the justified aspiration of the Palestinian people for a sovereign state and hope that a just two-state solution in Israel/Palestine will bring peace to the Holy Land.

In short, we strongly disagree with and condemn those who promote or practice tyranny and violence in the name of Islam. We hope that their misguided deeds will not blacken our noble religion - which is indeed a path to God and a call for peace.

Mustafa Akyol is a writer and journalist based in Turkey; Zeyno Baran is director of International Security and Energy Programs at The Nixon Center. In February 2006, she was a "Distinguished Visitor" to the American Academy in Berlin. The Muslim Manifesto was originally published on the Web site of the National Review Online and is reprinted here with the kind permission of the authors. The authors would like Muslim political, social, community and business leaders to sign the Manifesto, which can be accessed via the National Review Online Web site.


  • At Sat Mar 04, 12:31:00 PM PST, Anonymous Anonymous said…

    What a splendid document! I certainly hope it gets the exposure it deserves -- certainly it should be distributed to Arab-language media....
    Its the first alternative to orthodox jihadi screeds I've ever seen....

  • At Sun Mar 05, 04:41:00 AM PST, Anonymous Anonymous said…

    Mohammad and Arab friends did construct a terrorist manifesto with a Sword and the Koran, to, but not from, their Moon god Allah that speaks with forked tongue, peace of hate. The Koran advocates Hate and death and Muslims still reflect a 1400 year world history of hate, rape, rage, murder, slaughter. It is not a civilized documment, it is the philosophy of Arab death & madness with only capitulation and death the only end compromises. This camel dung well not change by wishfull thinking. It came with a sword, it well leave by one, it is a death wish.

  • At Fri Mar 10, 10:10:00 AM PST, Anonymous Jennifer Howe said…

    I applaud the authors efforts!! I think this is a wonderful statement. We all need more opportunities to educate ourselves on such emotionally charged topics. One can't take a stance or form an opinion on a subject without understanding all sides. I agree that this document needs greater circulation-I am shocked that there aren't a hundred links! This issue is so sensitive-only for the fact that there is such a deep chasm of misunderstanding between cultures and countries. We need every opportunity to spark conversation-and keep room in the mind to respect anothers beliefs and values. This is no time to live in assumptions, take the effort to understand the people around you. I'm sure it will lead to a greater understanding of yourself and what you believe in. With an entire world of information available at our fingertips there is no excuse for ignorance and no excuse for not entering into constructive dialogue. I hope this works to set a new tone.


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